Cheri Honkala- Broke & Blogging

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From Cheri Honkala: Green Party Vice Presidential Nominee – Poor Peoples Advocate

cheri honkala philly

Why have I decided to create a blog?

After many sleepless nights and tears in the shower, I have come to understand that one of the most important things that I can contribute to the elimination of poverty and homelessness is to put a light on these inhumane conditions. There are too many people receiving profits from the every-day lives of the impoverished people in this country who continue to remain invisible. So one of the best things that I can do is to speak loud, daily and often.

In this blog, I hope to convey how much we need you in this movement. My goal is to show the reality of the inhumane horrors families have to endure daily through my words, videos, and pictures. You will not hear about these things on CNN or even through many so-called “progressive” organizations’ blogs and social media campaigns.

I have to be careful because I want to stay alive and out of prison yet I will continue to push the envelope to talk about not only poverty, but the politics of hunger and homelessness in America.

The reason I am charging money for this blog is to raise funds for the Poor People’s Economic Human Rights Campaign.  This will allow us to raise some independent money separate of our oppressors that continue to fund the non-profit industrial complex (charities controlled by corporations). To my poor friends out there, of course I will give you complete access if you send me an email at

“There are millions of poor people in this country who have very little, or even nothing, to lose. If they can be helped to take action together, they will do so with the freedom and a power that will be a new and unsettling force in our complacent national life” – Martin Luther King Jr.

A Defendant’s Release on Bail with Conditions -Lawyers.Com

Activism, Affirmative defense, Charlotte'sWeb, Child patients, Citizen abuse, Class action civil lawsuit, Compassionate care, Compassionate use, Cowboy Indian Alliance, DEA, Drug War, Education, FBI, Law, Legal Activist Working Group, Marijuana

When somebody is arrested and put in jail, getting out of jail is undoubtedly their main objective. Initially, a judge or magistrate determines if the accused can be released on personal recognizance, an unsecured appearance bond or if additional conditions are required. These conditions or restrictions are usually non-monetary.

If release on personal recognizance or unsecured appearance bond won’t guarantee an accused’s appearance or will endanger the safety of a person or the community, then the court can impose more conditions. One of the most important factors in determining if release is appropriate is the nature of the offense charged. In most states, bail may be denied in capital offenses, like murder.

Release on Personal Recognizance

Release on personal recognizance is when the judge decides that an accused is reliable and has strong community ties, which allows him to be released without posting any money. Basically, personal recognizance is a written promise by the accused to appear in court when required.

Release on Unsecured Appearance Bond

An unsecured appearance bond allows an accused, who’s in jail, to post a cash bond in a specified amount in return for being released. The amount of the bond, which is set by the court, varies with the seriousness of the charge.

When an accused posts bond, the court has the right to ask where the money comes from. Determining the source of the money is particularly important in cases where a portion of criminal proceeds may be used to secure the release. A judge can refuse to accept bond if an accused won’t explain the source of money for the bond.

Release on Conditions

If a judge decides that conditions for release are necessary, the court must impose the least restrictive condition or set of conditions. The court can consider several conditions for release, including requiring the accused to:

  • Maintain or actively seek employment
  • Maintain or begin an educational program
  • Follow travel restrictions – surrender a passport or electronic tether
  • Avoid all contact with the victim and witnesses
  • Regularly check in with police
  • Follow curfew
  • Not possess any weapons
  • Not use drugs or alcohol
  • Not commit any other crimes

Pretrial release on conditions isn’t always appropriate. If no combination of conditions can guarantee appearance at trial and the safety of the community, the accused remains jailed.

Failing to Comply with the Terms of Release

If an accused fails to comply with the terms of release, the court can impose financial penalties. For example, if an accused fails to appear, they may have to forfeit real or personal property previously pledged. Also, the court can freeze the assets of an accused as a penalty for not appearing.

Bail allows an accused to be free before trial to help prepare the case. At the same time, the conditions of bail must make sure that the accused shows up as required and that the community is kept safe.

Questions for Your Attorney

  • Can the victim or anyone else appear in court to challenge the bail or conditions?
  • Can the bail amount or conditions be appealed?
  • Can anyone pay bail? Can it be paid by credit card?

Senate Organization Chart for the 114th Congress

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The Virtual Reference Desk provides resources about Senate Leadership, committees, and officers.


Alex Garland’s Black Lives Matter 2015: Activists March Through Seattle’s Central District in Protest for Police Accountability

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More than 150 activists marched from Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial Park to the King County Juvenile Detention Center on 12th Ave. in Seattle during a demonstration for police accountability.

Activists took to the streets, stopping at several intersections along the way for moments of silence and speak-outs. Support was shown as the protest marched down Rainier Ave. as people put their fists up or raised hands in a sign of solidarity.

From the Facebook event page…

“We, as young people, have chosen to come forth and call out the many inequalities within the current Criminal Justice System. This system has blatantly devalued, dehumanized, and dismissed people of color. The Black and African-American Communities in the United States have especially been targeted. We are outraged with this systemic failure.

To not act is an injustice within itself. As citizens we need to step up and no longer allow law enforcement to abuse our powers. The current state of the Criminal Justice System has increased persecution of Black and African-American people.

We will no longer tolerate the mistreatment, lack of support, and denied opportunities for this community. We are addressing these issues through peaceful protests, unifying actions, and productive dialogues.

We invite law enforcement, elected officials, and community members to join the movement towards police accountability.

In order to ensure the mission of this protest is accurately portrayed we have come up with some guidelines. They are as follows:

• Do NOT touch the police officers
• Do NOT deface/destroy city or private property
• Do NOT move city or private property

If you do not follow these guidelines you will be asked to stop. If your actions continue you will be asked to leave.”

Peace & Love,
Women of Color for Systemic Change

“Black Lives Matter.” – Protest for Police Accountability

Oregon Has Legalized Marijuana! An Overview of Measure 91

Banking laws, Cannabis, Department of Agriculture, Department of Revenue, Hemp, Marijuana, Oregon Governor John Kitzhaber

By Evan Barnes | Green Rush Consulting for the Daily Chronic
November 8, 2014

Oregon voters have legalized cannabis for adults – understand the details.

On November 4, Oregon’s Measure 91 passed the popular vote by 57% to 43%, making Oregon one of only 4 US states to end cannabis prohibition! This is a historic time, and represents an intelligent and progressive change in public policy.

Not only is cannabis one of the most medically useful plants known, but it is also safer than alcohol, and its legalization has positive impacts on public health. In other states that have legalized the use of cannabis by adults in some form, traffic fatalities have decreased, cannabis use by teens has not increased, and the rate of death from opioid pain killer overdoses has fallen. Hopefully, this marks the beginning of the end of our nation’s policy of cannabis prohibition.

As exciting as this is, if you live in Oregon, don’t run out into the streets to smoke it up in celebration just yet! For one thing, the public consumption of cannabis is not allowed under Measure 91.

Additionally, the portions of Measure 91 that legalize the use of cannabis don’t take effect until July 1, 2015. Until that time, Oregon’s decriminalization laws still apply, meaning that possession of less than one ounce of cannabis is still a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum $650 fine.

Measure 91 establishes large possession limits for adults aged 21 and older, compared to other states that have fully legalized cannabis. Starting on July 1, 2015, adults aged 21 and over will be able to possess the following amounts of cannabis in the following forms: 8 ounces (one half pound) of usable cannabis flowers, limited to carrying 1 ounce in public; 16 ounces (one pound) of marijuana products in solid form (e.g., edibles – you could have a pound of cookies); 72 ounces of cannabis products in liquid form (e.g., cannabis-infused soda – this is a volume equivalent to a six pack of beers); and 1 ounce of cannabis extracts (e.g., CO2-, butane-, or alcohol-extracted hash, wax, or shatter).

One important note is that under Measure 91, homemade cannabis extracts (such as wax or shatter) are prohibited: no person may produce, process, keep, or store homemade marijuana extracts. Adults are allowed to possess up to 1 ounce of cannabis extracts, but only if they are procured from a licensed cannabis retailer. Specifically, the law bans the home production of extracts through the use of solvents such as CO2, butane, hexane, and alcohol.

However, Measure 91 explicitly allows adults to infuse glycerin with cannabis. Unfortunately, glycerin is a poor solvent for cannabinoids. Because of the way this section of the law is written, it seems likely that making cannabis-infused olive oil or butter would probably also be allowable, especially since adults are allowed to make their own edibles at home.

Currently, the text of Measure 91 creates a bit of a gray area around homemade cannabis extracts. Because it defines marijuana extracts as those made with solvents, the case can be made that mechanically created concentrates, like kief or bubble hash, can legally be made at home. The process of making kief, certain kinds of hash, and bubble hash involve using mechanical processes, like sifting and agitation, to remove the cannabinoid-rich trichomes from the cannabis plant. These processes create concentrated cannabis products that can be as strong as solvent-based extracts, without the use of solvents, and are therefore likely to be allowed under the law.

In addition to establishing legal personal possession limits, Measure 91 also allows adults aged 21 and over to cultivate up to 4 cannabis plants of their own, as long as the plants are not visible from a public space. Growing four cannabis plants in a fenced back yard is probably fine, if people can’t see over or through the fence from the street; growing them in planter boxes on your front porch is almost certainly not allowed.

It is important to understand that these cultivation limits apply not only to individuals who are over the age of 21, but also to their households. If three adults over the age of 21 live in the same house and all want to cultivate cannabis, they cannot each grow 4 of their own plants, for a total of 12 in the household; they are limited by the law to cultivating a total of 4 plants in the household. In the same manner, the possession limits outlined above apply to homegrown usable cannabis, and to products such as edibles made at home from homegrown cannabis. So a single household is limited to possessing 8 ounces of usable homegrown cannabis, 16 ounces of solid marijuana products made from homegrown cannabis, and so on.

Measure 91 has done more than merely legalize the home cultivation of cannabis for adults: it has also directed the Oregon Liquor Control Commission (OLCC) to create and regulate a system of commercial cannabis cultivators, process, and retailers.

The OLCC will have until January 1, 2016 to create the forms, applications, and regulatory structure necessary to implement this initiative. Three days later, on January 4, 2016, the OLCC is required to begin accepting applications for retail cannabis businesses licenses. This means that the soonest retail cannabis business can be expected to be operational is within the first half of 2016.

Under Measure 91, Oregon will tax retail cannabis less stringently than have other states, like Washington. This new law imposes an excise tax on retail cannabis that is to be paid by the producers: there will be a tax of $35 per ounce of flowers sold; $10 per ounce of leaves; and $5 per immature plant sold for home cultivation.

This Measure allows for 4 types of licensed cannabis businesses: producers, who will cultivate retail cannabis; processors, who will buy cannabis from producers and convert it into other marijuana products, like supercritical CO2 wax and shatter; retailers, who will buy marijuana and marijuana products from producers and processors to sell to consumers; and marijuana wholesalers, who will be licensed to purchase cannabis and related products to sell to retailers and other non-consumers. This last type of business would be a new kind of middleman business in the cannabis industry that has never before been implemented in another state. It may prove to be redundant, since dispensaries usually handle their own purchases of these kinds of items directly. However, with a bit of creativity, innovative entrepreneurs may be able to carve out a unique niche for this new type of cannabis business.

Overall, Oregon’s Measure 91 is an amazing step forward in public policy. The end of cannabis prohibition in Oregon represents a great development for business opportunities and improvements in public health and safety. There are also some less well-known aspects of Measure 91 that make it an important piece of law.

One important aspect of this act that has fallen to the wayside in other discussions is that it also requires the creation of regulations and licensing for industrial hemp and hemp seed production in Oregon. Hemp a highly sustainable and useful source of fiber and nutrition, and is a massively underutilized natural resource due to its classification as a Schedule 1 drug by the Federal government. Now Oregon will be one of the only states to fully utilize the industrial, medical, and recreational properties of the amazingly useful cannabis plant.

On an interesting final note, Measure 91 provides an affirmative defense for the growth, possession, and use of peyote. (See section 76(4) of the full text of the law). This aspect of the law takes effect on December 4, 2014. Basically, an affirmative defense is a portion of the law that outlines a set of conditions; if you can prove in court that you meet the conditions of the affirmative defense, then you are not guilty of the crime with which you are charged. One of the most well known affirmative defenses is an act of self defense in cases of what would otherwise be considered assault.

Measure 91 creates an affirmative defense for the cultivation and use of peyote in religious practices, in connection with religious belief, and in a manner that is not harmful to the health of the user or to those around him. Overall, it seems that Oregon has determined prohibitionist policies to be detrimental, and have chosen to take a new path. Congratulations Oregon!

Green Rush Consulting, LLC is a medical marijuana consulting firm that has over 15 years of experience operating in the industry, and provides education, training, and expertise to medical marijuana cultivators and dispensary operators across the nation.

Additionally, Green Rush Consulting has helped entrepreneurial groups win cultivation and dispensary licenses in Arizona, California, Connecticut, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, and Washington D.C., and recently concluded the application process in Illinois. To learn more about Oregon’s legal and medical cannabis markets,

***Note from Anna:  In  my opinion this is not true cannabis legalization. 100% legalization means being able to grow, store, and use cannabis and it’s extracts, including concentrates, as one sees fit as long as the user adheres to health warning usage labels. The hemp portion of the bill looks wonderful. Congratulations Oregon!

High Levels of Radiation Found at Fukushima, 460,000 Bq/L; Removing fuel in Unit 1 Storage Pool to Start 2017 — NHK World

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  • High levels of radiation found at Fukushima, 460,000 Bq/L; Removing fuel in unit 1 storage pool to start 2017 — NHK World

***Note from Anna: Sometimes I rant,  hence the origin of my blog name. So this is for all of the scientists, farmers, educators, politicians, parents, doctors, and advocate in the United States:






By 2015 you realize what everyone has been saying when the following things start to occur:

Widespread immune, neurological, and muscular disorders.

Soldiers from Japan being deactivated from service due to Hodgkin’s Lymphoma cancers.

Mass heart attacks.

Mass outbreaks of cancer similar to what is currently happening in Malibu, California.

Widespread crops death including vegetables, fruits, wheat, hemp, and marijuana. You can’t grow organic medications if your crops are contaminated.

Inability to create medicine to handle the creation of new medicines because the researchers and scientists will also be getting sick and dying.

Outbreaks in crimes and cultural misunderstandings as sick people from Japan come seeking safe haven, which they should ABSOLUTELY get because AMERICA was complicit in poisoning them. if the situation was reversed American citizens would want, and demand, the same kind of help.

Budgetary crashes resulting in lack of FEMA or police resources.

You’ve been warned. DO SOMETHING!



Originally posted on Japan Safety : Nuclear Energy Updates:

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Law Lets I.R.S. Seize Accounts on Suspicion, No Crime Required

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The New York Times SHAILA DEWAN October 26, 2014
Carole Hinders at her modest, cash-only Mexican restaurant in Arnolds Park, Iowa. Last year tax agents seized her funds. © Angela Jimenez for The New York Times Carole Hinders at her modest, cash-only Mexican restaurant in Arnolds Park, Iowa. Last year tax agents seized her funds. ARNOLDS PARK, Iowa — For almost 40 years, Carole Hinders has dished out Mexican specialties at her modest cash-only restaurant. For just as long, she deposited the earnings at a small bank branch a block away — until last year, when two tax agents knocked on her door and informed her that they had seized her funds, almost $33,000.The Internal Revenue Service agents did not accuse Ms. Hinders of money laundering or cheating on her taxes — in fact, she has not been charged with any crime. Instead, the money was seized solely because she had deposited less than $10,000 at a time, which they viewed as an attempt to avoid triggering a required government report.“How can this happen?” Ms. Hinders said in a recent interview. “Who takes your money before they prove that you’ve done anything wrong with it?”The federal government does.Using a law designed to catch drug traffickers, racketeers and terrorists by tracking their cash, the government has gone after run-of-the-mill business owners and wage earners without so much as an allegation that they have committed serious crimes.

The government can take the money without ever filing a criminal complaint, and the owners are left to prove they are innocent. Many give up and settle the case for a portion of their money.

“They’re going after people who are really not criminals,” said David Smith, a former federal prosecutor who is now a forfeiture expert and lawyer in Virginia. “They’re middle-class citizens who have never had any trouble with the law.”

On Thursday, in response to questions from The New York Times, the I.R.S. announced that it would curtail the practice, focusing instead on cases where the money is believed to have been acquired illegally or seizure is deemed justified by “exceptional circumstances.”

Richard Weber, the chief of Criminal Investigation at the I.R.S., said in a written statement, “This policy update will ensure that C.I. continues to focus our limited investigative resources on identifying and investigating violations within our jurisdiction that closely align with C.I.’s mission and key priorities.”

He added that making deposits under $10,000 to evade reporting requirements, called structuring, is still a crime whether the money is from legal or illegal sources. The new policy will not affect seizures that have already occurred.

Jeff Hirsch, an owner of Bi-County Distributors on Long Island. The government seized $447,000 from the business, a candy and cigarette distributor run by one family for 27 years. © Bryan Thomas for The New York Times Jeff Hirsch, an owner of Bi-County Distributors on Long Island. The government seized $447,000 from the business, a candy and cigarette distributor run by one family…

The I.R.S. is one of several federal agencies that pursue such cases and then refer them to the Justice Department. The Justice Department does not track the total number of cases pursued, the amount of money seized or how many of the cases were related to other crimes, said Peter Carr, a spokesman.

But the Institute for Justice, a Washington-based public interest law firm that is seeking to reform civil forfeiture practices, analyzed structuring data from the I.R.S., which made 639 seizures in 2012, up from 114 in 2005. Only one in five were prosecuted as a criminal case.

The practice has swept up dairy farmers in Maryland, an Army sergeant in Virginia saving for his children’s college education and Ms. Hinders, 67, who has borrowed money, strained her credit cards and taken out a second mortgage to keep her restaurant going.

Her money was seized under an increasingly controversial area of law known as civil asset forfeiture, which allows law enforcement agents to take property they suspect of being tied to crime even if no criminal charges are filed. Law enforcement agencies get to keep a share of whatever is forfeited.

Owners who are caught up in structuring cases often cannot afford to fight. The median amount seized by the I.R.S. was $34,000, according to the Institute for Justice analysis, while legal costs can easily mount to $20,000 or more.

Under the Bank Secrecy Act, banks and other financial institutions must report cash deposits greater than $10,000. But since many criminals are aware of that requirement, banks also are supposed to report any suspicious transactions, including deposit patterns below $10,000. Last year, banks filed more than 700,000 suspicious activity reports, which are reviewed by over 100 multiagency task forces.

There is nothing illegal about depositing less than $10,000 unless it is done specifically to evade the reporting requirement. But often a mere bank statement is enough for investigators to obtain a seizure warrant. In one Long Island case, the police submitted almost a year’s worth of daily deposits by a business, ranging from $5,550 to $9,910. The officer wrote in his warrant affidavit that based on his training and experience, the pattern “is consistent with structuring.” The government seized $447,000 from the business, a cash-intensive candy and cigarette distributor that has been run by one family for 27 years.

There are often legitimate business reasons for keeping deposits below $10,000, said Larry Salzman, a lawyer with the Institute for Justice who is representing Ms. Hinders and the Long Island family pro bono. For example, he said, some grocery store owners in Fraser, Mich., had an insurance policy that covered only up to $10,000 cash. When they neared the limit, they would make a deposit.

Ms. Hinders said that she did not know about the reporting requirement and that for decades, she thought she had been doing everyone a favor.

“My mom had told me if you keep your deposits under $10,000, the bank avoids paperwork,” she said. “I didn’t actually think it had anything to do with the I.R.S.” Lawyers say it is not unusual for depositors to be advised by financial professionals, or even bank tellers, to keep their deposits below the reporting threshold.

In the Long Island case, the company, Bi-County Distributors, had three bank accounts closed because of the paperwork burden of its frequent cash deposits, said Jeff Hirsch, the eldest of three brothers who own the company. Their accountant then recommended staying below the limit, so the company began using the excess cash to pay vendors, and carried on for more than a decade.

More than two years ago, the government seized $447,000, and the brothers have been unable to retrieve it. Mr. Salzman, who has taken over legal representation of the brothers, has argued that prosecutors violated a strict timeline laid out in the Civil Asset Forfeiture Reform Act, passed in 2000 to curb abuses.

The office of the federal attorney for the Eastern District of New York said the law’s timeline did not apply in this case. The federal attorney’s office said that parties often voluntarily negotiated to avoid going to court, and that Joseph Potashnik, the Hirsches’ first lawyer, had been engaged in talks until just a few months ago. But Mr. Potashnik said he had spent that time trying, to no avail, to show that the brothers were innocent. They even paid a forensic accounting firm $25,000 to check the books.

“I don’t think they’re really interested in anything,” Mr. Potashnik said of the prosecutors. “They just want the money.”

Bi-County has survived only because longtime vendors have extended credit — one is owed almost $300,000, Mr. Hirsch said. Twice, the government has made settlement offers that would require the brothers to give up an “excessive” portion of the money, according to a new court filing.

“We’re just hanging on as a family here,” Mr. Hirsch said. “We weren’t going to take a settlement, because I was not guilty.”

Army Sgt. Jeff Cortazzo of Arlington, Va., began saving for his daughters’ college costs during the financial crisis, when many banks were failing. He stored cash first in his basement and then in a safe deposit box. All of the money came from his paychecks, he said, but he worried that when he finally deposited it in a bank, he would be forced to pay taxes on the money a second time. So he asked the bank teller what to do.

“She said: ‘Oh, that’s easy. You just have to deposit less than $10,000.’”

The government seized $66,000; settling cost Sergeant Cortazzo $21,000. As a result, the eldest of his three daughters had to delay college by a year.

“Why didn’t the teller tell me that was illegal?” he said. “I would have just plopped the whole thing in the account and been done with it.”


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